Republic of Korea Full Speed Ahead!

220px-Seoul-National.Assembly-01 The Republic of Korea, or South Korea, as an emerging democracy, is quickly moving into the world of public notice.  The following research by XinXin Yang is just a sample of what she found last week. Here is her complete report on the Republic of Korea.

Korea began its formal transition to democracy in 1987. With President Kim Young Sam’s inauguration on February 25, 1993, his administration established several deregulatory committees, including the Presidential Commission on Administrative Reform. Basic Law on Administrative Regulations and Civil Affairs Act (January 1, 1994), Prime Minister Order (April 7, 1994) and Presidential Enforcement Decree (December 31, 1996) set the guidelines for a new regulatory process. Key provisions included advance public notice and comment, informal public hearings, and a twenty-member Regulatory Review Committee responsible for confirmation, monitoring and evaluation of agency rules.[1]

The word “public notice” is not used often in Korea. Most of the public notices are categories under other items, such as “news release”. The Korean government issues many public notices under “news”.  Some cases of public notice in Korean business also do not use the word “public notice,” especially the private corporations.  Each company just provides information by specifying each area. For example, Samsung uses press/media department or IR department to delivery its notices to the public.

Since 2003, the United Nations has provided comparative assessment reports on its 193 member states. Korea ranked first in the most recent two consecutive surveys in 2010 and 2012 in the categories of  ‘e-Government Development Index’ assessing the e-Government development level and ‘e-Participation Index’ assessing the level of citizens’ online engagement in policies.[2]

Korea lists 84.1% of its population as internet users in 2012, according to World Bank data.[3]


[1] Jeeyang Rhee Baum and Bawn, Kathleen, Slowing at Sunset: Administrative Procedures and the Pace of Reform in Korea, Journal of East Asian Studies. May-Aug 2011, Vol. 11, Issue 2, p197-221. P.199.

[2] http://korea.go.kr/eng/sub/about_egov01_2.jsp, access on March 17, 2014. In the UN’s E-Government Survey 2012: E-Government for the People Report, (http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/publications/connecting-governments-to-citizens.html, and access on March 17, 2014.) The republic of Korea rank No.1 with 0.9283 E-government development index. Netherlands (0.9125), United Kingdom (0.8960), Denmark (0.8889) and United States (0.8687) follow the Republic of Korea ranking top 5 countries in the e-government development index report.

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